We can diagnosis and spot the early warning signs of periodontal disease when you come in for your regular checkup. This is a simple exam, but it is critical for your dental and overall health.
What to Expect
When you come in for your appointment, we simply use a periodontal probe (a small dental instrument) to gently measure the pocket or space between your teeth and the gums. If these spaces are still healthy, they will have a depth of three millimeters or less, and they should not bleed. This probe shows us when the pockets are too deep, which is a sign of progressing periodontal disease.
We will use information like pocket depth, amount of bleeding, inflammation, tooth mobility, and more, to make a diagnosis. If gum disease is present, it will usually fall into one of three categories.
Gingivitis is the first stage of periodontal disease. It is caused when plaque and its toxin by-products irritate the gums. This makes them tender, inflamed, and likely to bleed.
If you don’t take care of the plaque, it will harden into tartar. As tartar and plaque continue to build up, the gums begin to recede. Then, deeper pockets will begin to form between the gums and teeth where they can get filled with bacteria and pus. This will severely irritate the gums, inflame them, and leave them ready to bleed easily. You may even experience some moderate bone loss.
The teeth lose more support as the gums, bone, and periodontal ligament continue to deteriorate. If you don’t get properly treated, your teeth will become very loose, and you can easily lose them. It’s also not uncommon for people with this condition to experience moderate to severe bone loss.
If you have any concerns about your dental health, be sure to contact us as soon as possible. The faster we can diagnose any problems, the more effective the treatments will be.
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- Types of Periodontal Disease
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